in the regions of Moravia-Silesia and Olomouc

Irena Smolová

Natural resources have been used for healing around the world for centuries. The Moravian-Silesian and Olomouc regions are among the regions with an above-average number of spa resorts in the Czech Republic. A total of 8 localities have the status of spas.

The turn of the 19th and 20th centuries marked new impulses for the development of the spa. The spa developed, the range of services was expanded and new spa buildings were built. After a period of dynamic development, both world wars fundamentally affected the development of the spa. The year 1990 and the subsequent period of economic transformation, when the spa was privatised, marked a fundamental change for the further development of the spa. Investments in reconstruction brought Czech spas up to the level of developed European countries. 

In Czech legislation, the specific conditions for the formation of subsurface waters are reflected in hydrogeological regionalisation, where hydrogeological districts are defined by the Water Act as areas with similar hydrogeological conditions, type of aquifer and groundwater circulation.

Spas on the Czech-Polish Border are co-financed by the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund and reflect long tradition of spas in the Czech-Polish border area. The main objective of the project is to build a strong network of cooperation, with a focus on developing more effective use of the existing potential of the spa.

Within the framework of the round tables and joint platforms, a network of cooperation was created with the focus on developing more efficient use of the existing potential of the spa sector and promoting spa service packages.

One of the outputs of the project is the Atlas of Spa Industry in the Czech-Polish Borderland:

Partner projects:

• European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation NOVUM s r. o.
• Lower Silesian Voivodeship - Institute of Regional Development (IRT)
° Palacký University in Olomouc